China, as the world's most populous nation, has a population of over 1.2 billion, or 22 percent of the global total.
Out of every five persons living in this word, one is a Chinese. East China has the highest population density, and this is especially so in coastal plains, where there are 500-600 residents per square km. West China has the lowest population density, averaging no more than 50 residents per square km. More than 300 million Chinese live in urban areas, and more than 800 million are rural residents. Planned parenthood has been a state policy since the 1970s, with a view to keeping the population in size and increasing its quality.
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